Muhammad positioned himself as the last of the "Messengers." And who, then, were his predecessors? This is what the experts of the Islamic dogma say about this:

"The names of the 25 prophets mentioned in the Quran, we must know: Adam, Idris (Biblical Enoch), Nuh (Noah), Hood, Salih, Ibrahim (Abraham), Lut (Lot), Ismail (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac) , Ya'qub (Jacob), Yusuf (Joseph), Ayub (Job), Shu 'aib (Iofor ), Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Zul'-Kifli (Bishir), Dawud (David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ilyas (Elijah), Al-Yasa '(Elisha), Yunus (Jonah), Zakariya (Zechariah), Yahya (John), Isa (Jesus), peace to all of them, and the seal of all prophets — Muhammad … "


Of these 25 first Muslims, messengers and prophets, more than half are evident Jews: Ishaq (Isaac), Jacob (Jacob), Yusuf (Joseph), Ayub (Job), Musa (Moses), Harun (Aaron), Davud ( David), Sulaiman (Solomon), Ilyas (Elijah), Al Yasa (Elisha), Yunus (Jonah), Zakariya (Zechariah), Yahya (John), Isa (Jesus), total 14. In fact, the Jews consider their forefather was Ibrahim (Abraham), whereas the Arabs believe that their forefathers are Ibrahim and Ismail.

According to Muhammad and his Qur'an, Islam existed from time immemorial. He was confessed by all the aforementioned messengers and prophets, as well as the kings David and Solomon. Through Musa (Moses), Allah sent down the Taurat (Torah) to the Jews, then Allah sent down the Injil (Gospel) to the Jews and Christians through Isa (Jesus).

Muhammad accused the Jews of apostasy from faith and violation of the treaty with Allah. In addition, he accused the Jews of his times of atheism, immorality, debauchery of morals, and non-observance of the laws of the Torah, sent down by Allah.

 Muhammad was not the first to make such accusations. One and a half thousand years before him, the Jewish prophets accused the Jewish people for the same sins, and threatened with punishments from God and from people. Basically, these punishments were realized: the Jews were driven out of their country, sold into slavery, scattered all over the planet.

And yet there is a fundamental difference between the accusations of the Jewish prophets and the accusations of Muhammad against the Jews. The purpose of the Jewish prophets was the correction of the people, the instruction on the true path. The goal of Muhammad, as it turned out from his practical actions, was the expulsion of Jews from the state created by him, partly extermination , the seizure of land and property ("booty"), and finally, imposing of tax. The first to start paying “jizya” (a special tax on "infidels") were Jews.

And now let's take a closer look at the accusations of Muhammad. For the sake of justice, it must be said that the Messenger fell in with accusations not only against the Jews. After the Jews, the second object of invective and threats (often very colorful, for example, "turn their heads back and erase their faces") were Muhammad's fellow tribesmen, "idolaters."

Then there were the Christians, to whom he was softer than to the Jews and idolaters. The main accusation against the Christians was that they attached "associates" to Allah, that is, Jesus and the Holy Spirit. To the Virgin Mary, strangely enough, Muhammad was positive. He ignored the fact that Jesus called himself the Son of God and even God, In the eyes of Muhammad this was blasphemy. It seems that he simply did not read the New Testament and knew little of its contents.

In addition to the above, the object of the accusations of Muhammad were the Sabaeans, the Samudians and other Arabs, who refused to follow the messengers sent to them by Allah.

And then we turn to the accusations of Muhammad against the Muslims. Yes, Muhammad often blamed Muslims, who, in his opinion, were not loyal to him personally and violated the requirements of religion, which he formulated in his surahs and ayats.

These were, first of all, "hypocrites". Muhammad included to this group people, often rich, who behaved independently and did not show proper respect to the Messenger. In fact, the main sin of the "hypocrites" was that they maintained contact with their Jewish relatives. They refused to take part in the campaigns of Muhammad or to finance him when he fought against the Jews.

The "hypocrites" were not the only Jews who recognized Islam. The main support of Muhammad gave the Ansara, the first Medina inhabitants, who invited the Messenger and accepted his faith. Before the adoption of Islam, half of them were pagans, and the second half — Jews. Were there any "hypocrites" among the Ansar? On this account, I do not have any information.

The next target of frequent accusations were Bedouins. Muhammad accused them of non-compliance with the requirements of religion and evasion of military service.

There were also simply Muslims who were evading military service and paying taxes.

In all cases of accusations against Muslims, they were threatened with posthumous torments in hell, which is described much brighter than paradise. But no lifetime sanctions were followed, except that they were removed from the distribution of the "trophies" captured in the war.

Now, let's consider the accusations against the Jews, with which the Koran is full. Yes, in those days, as now, Jews belonged to the "advanced" citizens, thought independently, many became unbelievers. Mostly literate, Jews could be imperious towards the totally illiterate people of Arabia. Muhammad, too, was illiterate, although on the social ladder he occupied the position of a wealthy merchant (thanks to his marriage with the rich widow Khadija).

There is no doubt that highly literate Jews criticized the newly-made Koran, which contained, along with Muhammad's own ideas, numerous borrowings of ideas and subjects from the Bible. Unable to conduct polemics based on the original source, that is, the Bible, Muhammad declared that it was not he, but the Jews distorted the Holy Scripture sent down by Allah. By the way, therefore Muhammad insisted, that the author of the Koran is not himself, a talented poet and thinker, but Allah.

In a similar situation, Jesus in his time could not argue against the scribes and Pharisees (interpreters), interpreting the ancient texts, and instead performed "miracles", invented new rules of morality, and then challenged the wealth and influence of the high priest and the Sanhedrin.

Muhammad's special dislike and cruelty towards the Jews may be explained by the fact that these literate Jews witnessed his illiteracy, ignorance of the sacred texts.

If we compare the attitude of Muhammad towards the defeated "idolaters", the inhabitants of Mecca, whom Muhammad included in the administrative apparatus and the army of his newly created state, and even turned the Ka'bah into the temple of Allah, preserved the Hajj, which brought the basic income to the Meccans, the contrast becomes striking. "The people of the book" were persecuted, and the idolaters gained a prize for expelling the Messenger and a long war against the nascent Muslim community. Muhammad forbade the "hypocrites" to maintain family ties with "infidel" relatives, but made an exception for himself and the Muhajirs (who moved with him to Medina).

The Muslims made Muhammad's actions the basis of the Sharia, the Islamic system of laws and morality. So the personal enmity of the Messenger to the Jews entered into Islam as a norm of behavior obligatory for all Muslims.

Therefore, one should not be surprised at the furious anti-Semitism of the Islamists, from Hezbollah and Hamas to the Islamic Caliphate. Moreover, we cannot afford to ignore such a fact, which influences the moods of 1.8 billion Muslims of the planet Earth. Signatories to the Oslo agreements were blind and deaf, and even ignored the voice of the majority of the people of Israel. This should be a lesson for the future.

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